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Visual disorders and mal de debarquement syndrome: a potential comorbidity questionnaire-based study

mal de debarquement syndrome, vertical heterophoria, balance disorder, traumatic brain injury, tbi

Summary of the article "Visual Disorders and Mal de Debarquement Syndrome: A Potential Comorbidity Questionnaire-Based Study":

1. The study explores the potential overlap of visual symptoms with Mal de Debarquement Syndrome (MdDS), a neurological condition characterized by a constant sensation of self-motion.
2. The MdDS group demonstrated higher visual disorder scores and visual complaints compared to controls.
3. There are two subtypes of MdDS: motion-triggered (MT) and non-motion-triggered/spontaneous (NMT/SO). NMT/SO participants reported unique visual symptoms and a higher prevalence of mild traumatic brain injury.
4. The findings suggest that visual disorders may coexist with MdDS, particularly in the NMT/SO subtype.
5. The differences in visual dysfunction frequency and medical histories between subtypes warrant further investigation into differing pathophysiological mechanisms.

Keywords: balance disorder, binocular vision dysfunction, Mal de Debarquement Syndrome (MdDS), mild traumatic brain injuries, vertical heterophoria, vestibular disorders, visual-induced dizziness.

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