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Neuro-Visual and Vestibular Manifestations of Concussion and Mild TBI

tbi, traumatic brain injury, concussion

1. Concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury, is a significant cause of disability.
2. Vestibular and visual dysfunction often occur following a concussion, negatively impacting patients' well-being and recovery.
3. Various factors can contribute to these symptoms, including ocular, neuro-ophthalmic, otologic, and neuro-vestibular conditions.
4. Some of these conditions are benign and treatable, while others can be vision or life-threatening, underscoring the importance of a focused history and examination.
5. The article discusses an approach to evaluating and treating common neuro-visual and vestibular impairments resulting from concussion.
6. Recent findings suggest promising treatment approaches for concussion, including exercise, computerized programs, transcranial magnetic stimulation, gene therapy, stem cell therapy, and nanoparticles.
7. While many novel therapies are being explored, therapy and evaluation for co-existing diseases remain fundamental in concussion management.

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